Mapping the environmental pressure due to economic factors. The case of Italian coastal municipalities

Marco Modica, Roberto Zoboli, Elena Pagliarino

Abstract


In this paper we quantitatively characterize the main characteristics of the coastal municipalities from the point of view of sector specialization that may impact the environment of the Italian coastal municipalities. More in details, we first quantified settlement pressure on the Italian coasts, then we provide a detailed analysis of economic specializations by sectors of coastal municipalities. Finally, we develop a more specific analysis on the specialization and dependence of coastal municipalities. Focusing on two specific groups of economic sectors: i) those that depend on the sea as the primary source input (tangible and intangible) and ii) those that do not depend on the sea but that have high environmental pressures. We provide evidence of the relationship between sectors depending from the sea, i.e. ‘marine’ sectors  and sectors that have a high pressure on the environment, i.e. ‘high pressure’ sectors in coastal municipalities. The analysis is based on municipal data of the Census of Industry and Services of 2011 provided by ISTAT on seven selected Italian regions: Campania, Emilia Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Liguria, Apulia, Sardinia and Veneto. 


Parole chiave


Coastal/non-coastal municipalities; Economic pressure; Coastal environment

Full Text

PDF

Riferimenti bibliografici


Arto I., Genty A., Rueda-Cantuche J.M., Villanueva A., Andreoni V., 2012, Global Resources Use and Pollution, Volume 1: Production, Consumption and Trade (1995-2008); Volume 2: Country Factsheets, JRC Seville.

Bowen R.E., Riley C., 2003, Socio–economic Indicators and integrated coastal management, Ocean & Coastal Management, 46: 299 – 312

Cantasano, N., Pellicone, G., 2014. Marine and river environments: A pattern of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in Calabria (Southern Italy). . Ocean & Coastal Management, 89: 71 – 78

EEA, 2013, Environmental pressures from European consumption and production. A study in integrated environmental and economic analysis, Technical Report 2/2013, European Environment Agency, Copenhagen.

Istat, 2005, I Sistemi Locali del Lavoro, Censimento 2001. Dati definitivi. Istat, Roma.

Marin, G., Modica, M. (2017). Socio-economic exposure to natural disasters. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 64, 57-66.

Mazzanti M., Zoboli R. (2009). Environmental efficiency and labour productivity: Trade-off or joint dynamics? A theoretical investigation and empirical evidence from Italy using NAMEA. Ecological Economics, vol. 68; 1182-1194.

Mazzanti M. Montini A. Marin G., 2012, Aggregation biases in environmental extended input output: evidence from Italy and Spain, Ecological Economics, 74: 71-84.

Modica, M., Reggiani, A. (2015). Spatial economic resilience: overview and perspectives. Networks and Spatial Economics, 15(2), 211-233

Modica, M., Zoboli, R. (2016). Vulnerability, resilience, hazard, risk, damage, and loss: a socio-ecological framework for natural disaster analysis. Web Ecology, 16(1), 59-62.

Moll S., Vrgoc M., Watson D., Femia A., Pedersen O., Villanueva A., 2007, Environmental Input-Output Analyses based on NAMEA data. A comparative European study on environmental pressures arising from consumption and production patterns, ETC/RWM working paper 2007/2, European Topic Centre on Resource and Waste Management, Copenhagen.

Olsen, S.B., 2003, Frameworks and indicators for assessing progress in integrated coastal management initiatives. Ocean & Coastal Management, 46: 347 – 361

Turner, R.K., 2000, Integrating natural and socio-economic science in coastal management. Journal of marine Systems, 25(3-4): 447 –460.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14276/1971-8357.999

Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.



Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale è una pubblicazione dell'Università di Urbino realizzata in collaborazione con la CNA delle Marche. Lo sviluppo e la manutenzione di questa installazione di OJS sono forniti da UniURB Open Journals, gestito dal Servizio Sistema Bibliotecario di Ateneo. E-ISSN 1971-8357 (Online). Registrazione presso il Tribunale di Urbino n. 4/2015.

 Licenza Creative CommonsSe non diversamente indicato, i contenuti di questa rivista sono pubblicati sotto licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale.