Emissioni di CO2 nei Paesi europei: un'analisi empirica sulla convergenza tra settori manifatturieri

Giovanni Morleo, Marianna Gilli

Abstract


Questo lavoro si concentra sulle performance ambientali dell’industria manifatturiera europea. L’obiettivo è verificare l’esistenza della convergenza β assoluta e relative e della convergenza σ in termini di produttività ambientale (il rapport tra il valore aggiunto e le emission di anidride carbonica in ciascun settore) in 14 settori per il periodo 1995-2009, utilizzando i dati del database WIOD. I risultati supportano l’ipotesi dell’esistenza di convergenza β assoluta ed evidenziano il ruolo di variabili aggiuntive quali l’apertura al commercio e lo stock di conoscenze nell’influenzare le performance ambientali a livello settoriale. Non è presente evidenza statistica per la convergenza σ.

Parole chiave


performance ambientali; convergenza beta; convergenza sigma; industria manifatturiera; performance settoriali

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14276/1971-8357.558

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